Solution to terror attacks that ignores Somalia is ineffectual

Security forces display seized weapons outside Mpeketoni Hospital on Monday. They gunned down 15 Al-Shabaab terrorists who had attacked a military camp in Lamu County last Sunday.
PHOTO BY ATHMAN OMARA | NATION
20th June 2015

By Godwin Murunga & Sylvanus Wekesa

Republished from Saturday Nation

The authorities need to reassess goals of KDF’s invasion of neighbouring country

It is clear that since our defence forces’ retaliatory invasion of Somalia on October 26, 2011, the neighbouring country has become a critical part of Kenya’s  security thinking. This is partly because Al-Shabaab has ratchetted up its attacks in Kenya, thereby heightening the threat levels. The attacks have occurred not just with increasing frequency but also with growing gruesomeness, causing disruptions and uncertainty across the country.

This has posed several dilemmas, especially one between accomplishing the mission in Somalia or withdrawing from the country. There are many other dilemmas associated with the major one, including new challenges to the security forces on how to conduct counterterrorism actions based on transparency and human rights, and deal with historical grievances and the marginalisation it has engendered.

Engaging Gender, Peace, and Security through the Lens of Terrorism: The Case of Boko Haram

Engaging Gender, Peace, and Security through the Lens of Terrorism: The Case of Boko Haram
Engaging Gender, Peace, and Security through the Lens of Terrorism: The Case of Boko Haram

June 17, 2015

by Cheryl Hendricks and Rachel Sittoni

Republished from Kujenga Amani


The use of women’s bodies as “weapons of war” in conflict situations is well documented. We are informed it occurs because women are seen as part of the “spoils of war,” that sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) perpetuates social control through fear, and that it is practiced for a host of opportunistic reasons.1 The literature also emboldens us to see women as actors in conflict situations, moving beyond the narrative that portrays them as peaceful beings and mere victims of conflict.

Evolving security concerns have globally and continentally provided an entry point to discussing gender, peace, and security, mainly by focusing on SGBV in conflict situations. If we look at these issues through the lens of terrorism, what new insights emerge?

Why are we so shocked? It’s Pretoria’s official policy to treat Africans as aliens

25th February 2015

By Godwin Murunga

Republished from The EastAfrican

The pictures out of South Africa are gory, depicting a society with a deep seated but repressed tendency to brutality.

South Africa is not alone in this repressed tendency. We all have our share. But at the moment, the continent is traumatised, embarrassed and hurting about South Africa. We are numbed beyond words by images of a slit throat, gouged out eye, split-open skull, the burnt body of a child.

Many South Africans are totally outraged by this pornography of violence. Indeed, some have joined in protesting.

Professor Jonathan Jansen, vice-chancellor of the University of the Free State, aptly expressed this outrage by imploring foreigners not to “leave us to ourselves” because, as he put it, “We need you as role models teaching us how to work really hard and succeed in a stagnant economy.”

But few are acknowledging that Afrophobia is official South African policy, and that it is firmly entrenched in the country’s immigration policy.

The new frontier of governance in Africa

LSE Africa Summit

April 2015

ALC Fellow Kafui O. Tsekpo has published an article entitled, "The new frontier of governance in Africa."  This article was published as part of the LSE Africa Summit special issue. The Public Sphere – 2015 LSE Africa Summit

The Public Sphere Journal, now in its third year, is published on an annual basis and presents quality papers across a broad range of public policy areas. The journal is run by students of the London School of Economics’ Master of Public Administration programme. This special issue, in partnership with the 2015 LSE Africa Summit, showcases a selection of papers presented at the Research Conference on 17th April 2015.

Contributors: Adeolu Adesanya, Lindsey Carson, Fabienne Hoelzel and Ebun Akinsete, John Baptist Ngobi, Tatiana dos Santos Silva and Kafui Tsekpo

Download the PDF Version of the journal here

Why President Goodluck Jonathan may win Nigeria’s March 28, 2015 Presidential Election: An Analysis of the Follower and Situation Factors in Leader Emergence

March 2015

By Kialee Nyiayaana

Introduction
Since the transition to democracy in 1999, no elections in Nigeria have been as competitive and contentious as the 2015 elections. Anxieties over its fairness, rising cases of pre-election violence and the probability of the eruption of large scale post-election violence as witnessed in 2011 have been a source of worry, domestically and internationally. Yet, the issue of who emerges as winner: how and why between the two top contenders, President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan (GEJ), the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP’s) flag bearer and Rtd. General Muhamadu Buhari of the opposition, All Progressives Congress (APC) has generated intense debate. This article is a contribution to the ongoing debate. It focuses on why rather than how a particular candidate will emerge. Based on an analysis of the follower and situation factors in leader emergence, the main argument is that although Gen. Buhari whose traits and competence are a match to the current socio-economic and security predicaments of Nigeria, the rapidly changing situations in the country and the constraints imposed by the nature of the society privilege President GEJ for victory in the March 28, 2015 presidential poll.

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